Biodynamics is a specialist in Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) systems that protect crops and improve environmental elements, allowing year-round production of high quality, locally grown produce.
CEA is a combination of engineering, plant science, and computer managed greenhouse control technologies used to optimize plant growing systems, plant quality, and production efficiency. Controlled environment agriculture systems allow stable control of the plant environment including temperature, light, and CO2. CEA also provides separate control of the root-zone environment. CEA provides secure, healthy, and cost effective year-round production of many premium edible, ornamental, and high value plant species.
CEA is agricultural technology that enables the grower to control a crop's environment to the desired conditions. CEA technologies include greenhouse, hydroponics, aquaculture and aquaponics. Controlled variables include temperature, humidity, pH, and nutrient analysis. CEA is an advanced and intensive form of hydroponically-based agriculture. Plants are grown within a controlled environment so that horticultural practices can be optimized.
CEA techniques are not simpler than older systems for growing plants. Indeed, they demand sound knowledge of chemistry, horticulture, engineering, plant physiology, plant pathology, computers and entomology. A wide range of skills as well as a natural inclination to attend to details are necessary for a person to operate a successful CEA production in either a research or commercial setting.
In research, CEA is useful for isolating specific environmental variables for closer study. For example, researchers may study photosynthesis by comparing a crop from a greenhouse with special pane tinting with one that is not tinted. The advantage is that all other factors can be kept constant, reducing the incidence of another influence on the experiment.
In commercial agriculture, CEA can increase efficiency, reduce pests and diseases, and save resources.